Decided to update this 2014 post with a nice video I just found. Hope you enjoy it, too!
Scotland’s James Hutton is called the founder of modern geology. How can that be? He was a chemist, after all.
Well, for starters, a lot of geology involves chemistry (as I found out to my sorrow as an undergraduate back in the 1980s).
More importantly, in Hutton’s day there just wasn’t the specialization in science that we see today.
There was science, of course, and lots of it, since it was the Age of Reason. The Scottish Enlightenment, with its emphasis on reason, was in full swing.
People just hadn’t yet sorted out Nature all that much.
Science and the Bible
If you want to know what “geology” in the West was like before James Hutton, go into a garden or a field and look around.