We don’t usually think of Antarctica as “fire and ice” country, but it has many volcanoes, including Mount Erebus, which erupts fairly frequently and hosts a major lava lake (shown above from space).
Volcanologists also study the volcano’s gases and ejecta from its explosions.
Mount Erebus Smithsonian GVP page.
More information about research at Mount Erebus. (I can’t find a working link to the Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory.)
Featured image: Mount Erebus. Source.